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The 2019 CBI Index: Citizenship by investment - past, present, and future

The citizenship by investment industry is one that is constantly in flux and is not to be entered lightly


The 2019 CBI Index: Collaboration - present action and future opportunities

There is reason to believe that cooperation between nations in the citizenship by investment industry will grow


The 2019 CBI Index: Fact from fiction - CBI and tax residence

Citizenship and tax residency confer different sets of rights and obligations on individuals

Beyond due diligence

The 2019 CBI Index: Beyond due diligence - the safeguard provisions

The ability to revoke citizenship is an important tool for both citizenship by investment jurisdictions and successful applicants to their programmes

St Kitts view

The 2019 CBI Index: Due diligence - the cornerstone of CBI

One of the main features of the Caribbean citizenship by investment programmes is thorough due diligence, explains Kieron Sharp, CEO of FACT Due Diligence


International critics fail to stem growing CBI industry

CBI schemes offer wealthy individuals freedom of movement while providing vital funds to what are often cash-strapped nations, yet continue to draw criticism


The CBI Index: 2018 brings both significant change and new challenges

The citizenship by investment industry has seen significant changes since 2017, from programmes lowering their minimum investment requirements, to fostering accountability among stakeholders

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The CBI Index: a history of CBI

St Kitts and Nevis was the first country to launch a CBI programme in 1984, while Jordan launched its scheme in 2018


The CBI Index: demystifying CBI - citizenship vs residence

The relationship that is formed between the state and the economic citizen lasts a lifetime, unlike the one that is established with economic residents

Austria flag

The CBI Index: recognising the possibilities that lie ahead

Similarities exist among citizenship by investment programmes, yet each has its own flaws and virtues


Crispin Royle-Davies, managing director and senior research analyst for public real assets at Nuveen, speaks to PWM about the key role of real estate assets in private portfolios.

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